Encourage cognitive development in infants
02:25 | 12/07/2016

When we look at child development, it's important that we look at it with a whole child approach. This means that we look at all areas of development rather than just a specific area of development. Those are physical, cognitive, social emotional and language areas. Physical development is the first area which we understood on previous article. Today, Gymboree would like to introduce about cognitive development:



It's easy to measure changes in your newborn's weight and size but it's not so easy to see what's happening inside his brain. 

The parts of your baby's brain that control his bodily functions are already in place. So, your newborn knows how to breathe, feed, sleep and poo. In short, everything he needs to survive right now. However, those parts of your baby’s brain that help him to understand the world around him still have a lot of developing to do. 

Your newborn's brain is not yet able to cope fully with perception, thought, memory, language and physical coordination. The process by which your baby gradually learns these skills is called cognitive development. 

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When your baby is a few weeks old, he realises that he can make things happen. But his ability to remember that he can make things happen will only develop over time. 

Try attaching a ribbon to your baby's foot so that when he kicks he moves his mobile. Be sure not to leave your baby alone while you try this! At two months he’ll kick more, but will forget what to do to achieve the same effect after a couple of days. At six months, he is likely to remember what to do for two weeks. Your baby's ability to make the connection between his actions and what follows as a result is called recognition. 

A more complex memory skill is recall. This is the ability to think about something out of context. An example would be if your baby thought about his cot while sitting in his car seat. 

Recalling is rare before six months, but after that age watch out for him starting to use actions to communicate. A gesture showing he wants to be picked up is often one of the earliest.

At about six months, your baby is likely to switch from mouthing and banging all his toys to understanding that they do different things. Cars are "brummed", but teddies are cuddled.

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